Why fascism is so tempting (TED talk) by Yuval Noah Harari 

Topics: Fascism, XXI Century Dictatorships 
It starts with a question which makes the audience laugh, but it is relevant: 
  • "How many fascists are in the audience today?" 
Then, not only does he explain what fascism is [1], but also why it was/is attractive [2]. 
Also, he introduces other unforgettable topics such as why democracy is at risk in the XXI century because centralised data processing might allow dictatorships overcome democracies [3]. Because, do we have democracies in many countries because it's the fairest system or because it's the system which allowed the highest economic progress for long periods of time? If it's the latter and we don't do anything, many democracies might be at risk. 
[1] "So what is fascism, and how is it different from nationalism? Well, nationalism tells me that my nation is unique, and that I have special obligations towards my nation. Fascism, in contrast, tells me that my nation is supreme, and that I have exclusive obligations towards it." 
[2] "In the 20th century, democracy and capitalism defeated fascism and communism because democracy was better at processing data and making decisions." ... "But it is not a law of nature that centralized data processing is always less efficient than distributed data processing. With the rise of artificial intelligence and machine learning, it might become feasible to process enormous amounts of information very efficiently in one place, to take all the decisions in one place, and then centralized data processing will be more efficient than distributed data processing. And then the main handicap of authoritarian regimes in the 20th century -- their attempt to concentrate all the information in one place -- it will become their greatest advantage." 
[3] "when we talk about the ills of fascism, we do so in an ineffective way, because we tend to depict fascism as a hideous monster, without really explaining what was so seductive about it. It's a bit like these Hollywood movies that depict the bad guys -- Voldemort or Sauron or Darth Vader -- as ugly and mean and cruel. They're cruel even to their own supporters. When I see these movies, I never understand -- why would anybody be tempted to follow a disgusting creep like Voldemort? The problem with evil is that in real life, evil doesn't necessarily look ugly. It can look very beautiful." 
Please sign up or log in to add comments and/or write your own notes and articles