Speed and Scale Plan to tackle Climate Change (book) 

Here I include the objectives and key results proposed in the book and some links and tags to other of my notes and articles. 
 

Objective 1: Electrify Transportation 🚙 

  • Reduce 8 gigatons of transportation emissions to 2 gigatons by 2050 
  • KR 1.1 Price 

    • EVs achieve price-performance parity with new combustion-engine vehicles in the U.S. by 2024 ($35K), and in India and China by 2030 ($11K).  #Green Premiumd
  • KR 1.2 Cars 

  • KR 1.3 Buses and Tracks 

    • All new buses are electric by 2025 and 30% of medium and heavy trucks purchased are zero-emission vehicles by 2030, 95% of trucks by 2045. 
  • KR 1.4 Miles ↓5 Gt 

    • 50% of the miles driven (2-wheelers, 3-wheelers, cars, buses, and trucks) on the world’s roads are electric by 2040, 95% by 2050 
  • KR 1.5 Planes ↓0.3 Gt 

    • 20% of miles flown use low-carbon fuel by 2025; 40% of miles flown are carbon-neutral by 2040. 
  • KR 1.6 Maritime ↓0.2 Gt 

    • Shift all new construction to “zero-ready” ships by 2030. 
 

Objetive 2: Decarbonize the Grid 💡

  • Reduce 24 gigatons of global electricity and heating emissions to 3 gigatons by 2050. 
  • KR 1.1 Price 

    • EVs achieve price-performance parity with new combustion-engine vehicles in the U.S. by 2024 ($35K), and in India and China by 2030 ($11K).  #Green Premiumd
  • KR 1.2 Cars 

    • One of two new personal vehicles purchased worldwide are EVs by 2030, 95% by 2040. 
  • KR 1.3 Buses and Tracks 

    • All new buses are electric by 2025 and 30% of medium and heavy trucks purchased are zero-emission vehicles by 2030, 95% of trucks by 2045. 
  • KR 1.4 Miles ↓5 Gt 

    • 50% of the miles driven (2-wheelers, 3-wheelers, cars, buses, and trucks) on the world’s roads are electric by 2040, 95% by 2050. 
  • KR 1.5 Planes ↓0.3 Gt 

    • 20% of miles flown use low-carbon fuel by 2025; 40% of miles flown are carbon-neutral by 2040. 
  • KR 1.6 Maritime ↓0.2 Gt 

    • Shift all new construction to “zero-ready” ships by 2030. 
 

Objective 3: Fix food 🐄 

  • Reduce agricultural emissions from 9 gigatons to 2 gigatons by 2050. 
  • KR 3.1 Farm soils 

    • Improve soil health through practices that increase carbon content in topsoils to a minimum of 3%. 
  • KR 3.2 Fertilizers ↓0.5 Gt 

    • Stop the overuse of nitrogen-based fertilizers and develop greener alternatives to cut emissions in half by 2050. 
  • KR 3.3 Consumption ↓3 Gt 

    • Promote lower-emissions proteins, cutting annual consumption of  Beef  and dairy 25% by 2030, 50% by 2050. 
  • KR 3.4 Rice ↓0.5 Gt 

    • Reduce methane and nitrous oxide from rice farming by 50% by 2050. 
  • KR 3.5 Food Waste ↓1 Gt 

    • Lower the food waste ratio from 33% of all food produced to 10%. 
 

Objective 4: Protect Nature 🍀 

  • Go from 6 gigatons of emissions to -1 gigatons by 2050. 
  • KR 4.1 Forests ↓6 Gt 

    • Achieve net-zero deforestation by 2030; end destructive practices and logging in primary forests. 
  • KR 4.2 Oceans ↓1 Gt 

    • Eliminate deep-sea bottom trawling and protect at least 30% of oceans by 2030, 50% by 2050. 
  • KR 4.3 Lands 

    • Expand protected land from 15% today to 30% by 2030, 50% by 2050. 
 

Objective 5: Clean up industry 🏭 

  • Reduce 12 gigatons of industrial emissions to 4 gigatons by 2050. 
  • KR 5.1 Steel ↓3 Gt 

    • Reduce total carbon intensity of steel production 50% by 2030, 90% by 2040. 
  • KR 5.2 Cement ↓2 Gt 

    • Reduce total carbon intensity of cement production 25% by 2030, 90% by 2040. 
  • KR 5.3 Other industries ↓2 Gt 

    • Reduce emissions from other industrial sources (i.e., plastics, chemicals, paper, aluminum, glass, apparel) 80% by 2050. 
 

Objective 6: Remove Carbon 🧹 

  • Remove 10 gigatons of carbon dioxide per year. 
  • KR 6.1 Nature-Based Removal ↓5 Gt 

    • Remove at least 1 gigaton per year by 2025, 3 gigatons by 2030, and 5 gigatons by 2040. 
  • KR 6.2 Engineered Removal ↓5 Gt 

    • Remove at least 1 gigaton per year by 2030, 3 gigatons by 2040, and 5 gigatons by 2050. 
 

Objective 7: Win Politics and Policy 🏛 

  • KR 7.1 Commitments 

    • Each developed country enacts a national commitment to reach net-zero emissions by 2050, and gets at least halfway there by 2030 — This will take more time in developing countries (5–10 years later) 
    • KR 7.1.1 Power: Set an electricity sector requirement to cut emissions 50% by 2025, 80% by 2030, 90% by 2035, and 100% by 2040. 
    • KR 7.1.2 Transportation: Decarbonize all new cars, buses, and trucks by 2035; freight ships by 2030; semi trucks by 2045; and make 40% of flights carbon neutral by 2040. 
    • KR 7.1.3 Buildings: Enforce zero-emissions buildings standards for new residential by 2025, commercial by 2030, and prohibit sales of nonelectric equipment by 2030. 
    • KR 7.1.4 Industry: Phase out fossil fuel use for industrial processes at least halfway by 2040, and completely by 2050. 
    • KR 7.1.5 Carbon Labelling: Require emissions-footprint labels on all goods. 
    • KR 7.1.6 Leaks: Control flaring, prohibit venting, and mandate prompt capping of methane leaks. 
  • KR 7.2 Subsidies 

    • End direct and indirect subsidies to fossil fuel companies and for harmful agricultural practices. 
  • KR 7.3 Price on Carbon 

    • Set national prices on greenhouse gases at a minimum of $55 per ton, rising 5% annually. — This will take more time in developing countries (5–10 years later)  #Price on Carbon
  • KR 7.4 Global Bans 

    • Prohibit HFCs as refrigerants and ban single- use plastics for all non-medical purposes. 
  • KR 7.5 Government R&D 

    • Double (at minimum) public investment into research and development; increase it fivefold in the  United States  — @hec: this probably includes  Energy research

Objective 8: Turn Movements Into Action ⏲ 

  • KR 8.1 Voters 

    • The climate crisis is a top-two voting issue in the twenty top-emitting countries by 2025. 
  • KR 8.2 Government 

    • A majority of government officials—elected or appointed—will support the drive to net zero. 
  • KR 8.3 Business 

    • 100% of Fortune Global 500 companies commit immediately to reach net zero by 2040. 
    • KR 8.3.1 Transparency: 100% of these companies publish transparency reports of their emissions by 2022. 
    • KR 8.3.2 Operations: 100% of these companies achieve net zero in their operations (electricity, vehicles, and buildings) by 2030. 
  • KR 8.4 Education Equity 

    • The world achieves universal primary and secondary education by 2040. 
  • KR 8.5 Health Equity 

    • Eliminate the gaps among racial and socio-economic groups in greenhouse gas-related mortality rates by 2040. 
  • KR 8.6 Economic Equity 

    • The global clean energy transition creates 65 million new jobs, equitably distributed and out-pacing the loss of fossil-fuel jobs. 

Objective 9: Innovate! 🗝 

  • KR 9.1 Batteries 

    • Produce 10,000 GWh of batteries yearly at less than $80 per kWh by 2035. 
  • KR 9.2 Electricity 

    • Cost of zero-emission baseload power reaches $0.02 per kWh, with peak-demand power reaching $0.08 per kWh by 2030. 
  • KR 9.3 Green Hydrogen 

    • Cost of producing hydrogen from zero-emissions sources drops to $2.0 per kg by 2030, $1.0 per kg by 2040. 
  • KR 9.4 Carbon Removal 

    • Cost of engineered carbon dioxide removal falls to $100 per ton by 2030, $50 per ton by 2040. 
  • KR 9.5 Carbon-Neutral Fuels 

    • Cost of synthetic fuel drops to $2.50 per gallon for jet fuel and $3.50 for gasoline by 2035. 

Objective 10: Invest! 💵 

  • KR 10.1 Financial  Incentives

    • Increase global government subsidies and support for clean energy from $128 billion to $600 billion. 
  • KR 10.2 Government R&D 

    • Increase public-sector funding of energy R&D from $7.8 billion to $40 billion a year in the U.S.; other countries should aim to triple current funding. 
  • KR 10.3 Venture Capital 

    • Expand investment of capital into private companies from $13.6 billion to $50 billion per year. 
  • KR 10.4 Project Financing 

    • Increase zero-emissions project financing from $300 billion to $1 trillion per year. 
  • KR 10.5 Philanthropic Investment 

    • Increase philanthropic dollars from $10 billion to $30 billion per year. 
Notes that link here:
Please sign up or log in to add comments and/or write your own notes and articles